Revolutionizing Labor: Unraveling the Impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on National Security and the Job Market

By: Faryal Zafar, Syeda Itrat Zainab Shirazi

Date: 17/09/2023

ai, labor, man, chess, machine learning, artificial intelligence, robotics, tech, revolution, jobs, ethics, social issues

Introduction

Due to its human intelligence, reliability, and infinite capabilities, AI is successfully taking over the workforce resulting in long-term negative impacts in the greed of short-run comfort. This dilemma will lead to disastrous social, economic, and political problems on a global level; ultimately being a threat to the national security of a state. Developing countries will be most prone to its consequences due to instabilities and recurrent challenges. Compromised national security is an unaffordable choice for struggling states like Pakistan. Hence, it becomes imperative for these developing nations to prioritize the pursuit of the third and fourth industrial revolutions, in order to bridge the gap with global powers in this era of cyber warfare. This proactive approach is crucial to safeguard themselves from the potential harm caused by the misuse of AI.

Pro to the West, Con to Under Developed countries:

Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various industries and the very fabric of work processes. In contrast to the developing world, where AI primarily acts as a complement, bolstering the labor market, it tends to replace human labor in the Global South, leading to significant unemployment rates. This technology has jeopardized approximately two-thirds of all jobs worldwide unless it reaches full efficiency, which would predominantly favor the developed world. AI has undeniably brought about numerous benefits to the global community, enhancing efficiency, productivity, and decision-making capabilities. Additionally, it has personalized new experiences, minimizing both time and effort invested in various tasks, while simultaneously generating novel employment opportunities and fostering the acquisition of new skills.  Nevertheless, alongside these advantages, there exist profound challenges that society must confront. Prevailing inequalities, job displacements, disparities in knowledge acquisition, and potential misuse of AI are the primary costs that the world faces in this transformative era.

Automation and artificial intelligence possess the capacity to execute recurring tasks, thereby directly targeting and jeopardizing the labor market by replacing routine, repetitive assignments, physical labor, analysis, processing, predictive decision-making, and customer service. In this era, only employees equipped with extraordinary contributions and capabilities can withstand the relentless competition between AI and humans. Consequently, this engenders instability in socioeconomic factors for the average individual, encompassing financial upheaval, diminished job satisfaction, heightened stress levels and illnesses, reduced purchasing power, and a decline in living standards, among other repercussions. To triumph in this era dominated by AI, the employment of AI itself becomes imperative, with its utilization in areas such as digital literacy, critical thinking, human-centric skills, creativity, and innovation, among other aspects, enabling humans to surpass the capabilities of AI.

AI plays a pivotal role in bolstering a nation’s national security owing to its advanced technology and unparalleled precision. Nonetheless, the indirect consequences of AI pose a significant threat to developing nations due to the escalating socio-economic and political instability they face. The mounting population and unemployment rates contribute to an upsurge in criminal activities, thereby diverting the state’s attention towards internal turmoil, despite the presence of external threats of greater magnitude. Consequently, this shift in focus and disproportionate allocation of budgetary resources entrap developing countries into a vicious cycle of underdevelopment and poverty.

To address this issue, Pakistan must strive to excel in the race for the third and fourth industrial revolutions, gradually transitioning towards advanced automation and cutting-edge technology. The existing disparity and dependency theory between the Global North and Global South have resulted in the former’s prosperity and success, while the latter remains ensnared in dependence and instability.

In order to effectively address the anticipated challenges posed by artificial intelligence (AI) to the labor market and national security of Pakistan, it is imperative that we strive to match the potential of developed nations. This can be achieved through a re-evaluation of our priorities, wherein we prioritize education over political turmoil. Such a shift must be accompanied by a concerted effort to bolster sustainable development, technology, and the economy.

The internal stability and fortitude of a nation play a pivotal role in ensuring its strength on external fronts, consequently mitigating the persistent threat to our national security. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize the establishment of internal stability and strength as a means to safeguard our national security. 

Conclusion

As a developing world, we should strive for independence by harnessing the potential of our youth and utilizing our abundant resources to embrace the industrial revolutions. It is imperative that we address the existing disparities and reduce dependencies on developed nations. This can be achieved by facilitating smooth transitions in the job market and fostering balanced employment opportunities in agriculture, industry, and services sectors. Furthermore, we should adopt proactive national security measures by incorporating ethical AI practices.

While complete control over the use of AI may not be feasible, striving for independence and strength presents an excellent opportunity to avert the detrimental consequences that AI may pose to the developing world, such as a faltering labor market and compromised national security.

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